The Resident Scholarly Project Program (RSPP) was launched in 2011 and has the overall goal of developing resident knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to participate in the testing and development of knowledge in a primary care setting (in and outside of academia). RSPP meets the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Common Program Requirements (Residency) for research and scholarship (ACGME IV.D.) and, therefore, successful completion of RSPP is a required component of residency. The RSPP project includes a collaboration with a clinical mentor and research mentor to complete a process of critical inquiry involving reviewing literature, developing a research question, collecting data/information, critical processing/analyzing, and communicating the results of this inquiry to others. RSPP starts at the end of the first year or the beginning of the second year with the identification of a topic area and mentor matching. It concludes at the end of the third year with a departmental presentation, as well as encouragement and support for presentations at national conferences and peer-reviewed publications.